POMO: Drama After 1968...
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Spring 2002: Dangerous Liaisons & Realism & Method eGroup
HamletWeb 2002 script.vtheatre.net listing
Fall 2002 THR215 Dramatic Literature: Bedford Compact Intro to Drama
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"Suit the action to the word, the word to the action, with this special observance, that you o'erstep not the modesty of nature." - William Shakespeare (Hamlet)
Preface to Drama: An Introduction to Dramatic Literature and Theater Art by Charles W. Cooper; Ronald Press, 1955
Playwriting . . . is . . . also like chess, where a whole series of moves must be made to lead up to the one you want. Each of these moves will lead to other moves. And the ultimate aim of none of them should be apparent. -- JOHN VAN DRUTEN, Playwright at Work
This "notes" page was started way back, when I didn't have subdirectories for THR215 Dramatic Literature and THR413 Playscript Analysis. The main division is simple: first course about the basic of drama (Grammar of Drama), the second -- about later modernity and transition to postmodern.This page is for the terms I might use in class, but the words are not in textbooks' glossaries. PM or POMO is postmodernism and most of the terminology is about several methods of analysis in this latest trend of philosophy (different writers).
This is another reason why I do not have a showcase for THR413: the scripts too recent and all are copyright prootected.
Also, I have no "narrators" (as in Acting, Directing and Film). I wanted to introduced the "Plato Academy" (great philosophers), but they are not talking yet.
* 413: Chekhov -- Playscript (Realism and After). Critical readings THEMES directory). I use Theatre Theory webpages.
* 215: Shakespeare and After. But first, Aristotle and Sophocles (Oedipus).
All (actors and directors) are required to take 215 Dramlit.
Directors must take both 215 and 413!
Both courses are aimed at performing aspects of drama. Please take them before you take advanced classes!
Read title and into pages in main directory, then go to script.vtheatre.net/215 or script.vtheatre.net/413 pages.
I am directing Four Farces & One Funeral based on Chekhov's one-acts, read the plays (online or in the library). We will start with this "mini-chekhov"!
Fall 2005. I teach both classes. Subscribe to dramlit group! Anatoly
Updates? See NEW and FAQ pages.
stagematrix.vtheatre.net: before 2009 : 2005 pages -- UAF Play fest * 2004 * Playscript Notes * biblio * Chekhov 5 * cover page * playwright * references *
* March 2006: Go.dot -- 100 years since Sam Beckett's birth *
* Caligari 2009 - Lul 2010
drama - theatre news search *
Last year at the end of the semester I tried the playwrighting section and this experiment proved to be very productive. We will do it again -- you write your own scenes and monologues! My notes on this new component will be collected @ WRITER page. See you in class!
[ More PM Notes ]
... Nietzsche (and many after) did stress the fact that new school of thought "erases the disrinction between philosophy and literature." Therefore, "agrument is replaced by free association." [ More -- in class ]
The nomad is not at all the same as the migrant; for the migrant goes principally from one point to another, even if the second point is uncertain, unforseen, or not well localized. But the nomad goes from point to point only as a consequence and as a factual necessity; in principle, points for him are always relays along a trajectory. - G.Deluze and/or F. Guattari A Thousand Plateaus (p380)Go to super-market to see pomo art; it's everywhere. Turn on your TV. You see?
The rhizome, according to Moulthrop, is the "concept of social order defined by active transversal or encounter rather than objectification... Figures for this order include the ocean of the navigator or the desert of the nomad." (Moulthrop, 301)
Sign : A deterministic, functional regularity or stability in a system, also sometimes called a sign-function. Something, the signifier, stands for something else, the signified, in virtue of the sign-function. May be either lawful, proper, or symbolic depending on the presence or absence of motivation. This is, of course, a very general definition, but it is in the tradition of both semiotics and general systems theory to think very generally. Contains: signifier, signified. Cases: lawful, proper, symbolic. Synonym: sign function.
Signifier : That part of a sign which stands for the signified, for example a word or a DNA codon. Synonym: token, sign vehicle. Part-of: sign.
Signified : That part of a sign which is stood for by the signifier. Sometimes thought of as the meaning of the signifier. Synonym: object, referent, interpretant. Part-of: sign.
Motivation : The presence of some degree of necessity between the signified and siginifier of a sign. Makes the sign proper, and complete motivation makes the sign lawful. For example, a painting may resemble its subject, making it a proper sign. Antonym: arbitrariness.
Arbitrariness : The absence of any degree of necessity between the signified and siginifier of a sign. Makes the sign symbolic. For example, in English we say ``bachelor'' to refer to an unmarried man, but since we might just as well say ``foobar'', therefore ``bachelor'' is a symbol. Antonym: motivation.
Proper Sign : A sign which has an intermediate degree of motivation. For example, a photograph is a proper sign. isa: sign. Cases: icon, index.
Icon : A proper sign where the motivation is due to some kind of physical resemblance or similarity between the signified and siginifier. For example, a map is an icon of its territory. isa: proper sign.
Index : A proper sign where the motivation is due to some kind of physical connection or causal relation between the signified and signifier. For example, smoke is an index of fire. isa: proper sign.
Symbol : For CS Peirce, a sign where the sign function is a conventional rule or coding. The operation of a symbol is dependent on a process of interpretation. isa: sign.
Rule : A functional regularity or stability which is conventional, and thus necessary within the system which manifests it, but within a wider universe it is contingent, or arbitrary. For example, if we wish to refer to an unmarried man in English, then we must say ``bachelor'', even though ``bachelor'' is a symbol. Synonym: code, semantic relation. Antonym: law.
Code : The establishment of a conventional rule-following relation in a symbol, represented as a deterministic, functional relation between two sets of entities. Synonym: semantic relation, rule.
POMO or PM = postmodern
Related pages: Beckett Dada Beyond Theatre Stage-on-Stage eTheatre
PS. Many crutial concepts are missing: complete and incomplete texts (important for Spectator Theory), imagination, emotion(s) and memory... Feelings -- not only communications but manipulation (action). As a result our emotions are real but of the higher(?) nature. Fear is overcomed fear. They are not imitation of emotions, but the memory of cathartic experience superimposes new (theatre) emotions of the raw ones. [Bring back the "pathos" as working category] Collect the PM pages, at least by linking.
©2004 filmplus.org *
DIRECTORS: Course objectives are to improve:
1) awareness of principles and patterns in playscript construction;
2) knowledge of purposes and methods of playscript analysis and production conceptualization;
3) ability to analyze scripts in detail;
4) ability to formulate a conceptual overview of a script toward the goal of theatrical production; and
5) ability to communicate the concept clearly.
New key terms and definitions
Metaphor and Theme Analysis
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play writing amazon list *
Understanding Plays, 3/E
Milly S. Barranger, University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill
© 2004 / 0-205-38190-1 / Allyn & Bacon
The Theatre Team: Playwright, Producer, Director, Designers, and Actors
Book by Sidney Berger, Jeane Luere; Greenwood Press, 1998
Book by Michael Issacharoff, Robin F. Jones; University of Pennsylvania Press, 1988
An Introduction to Dramatic Literature and Theater Art
by CHARLES W. COOPER
THE RONALD PRESS COMPANY NEW YORK
THIS TEXTBOOK for undergraduates is a systematic introduction to DRAMATIC Literature within a theatrical context and to Theater Art within a literary context.
It comprises two parts. "Part One: the Preface" consists of five essays on dramatic theory, to which are added five shorter plays as examples, with introductory notes and commentary. The point of view of the essays is psychological, and the drama is observed in its relation to common elements in human behavior. Consideration of it is controlled by the discriminating use of certain lieterary and theatrical terms. Thoughtful analysis of the content of a play enforces close interpretation of the lines and the patterning of the complex dramatic experience. This, in turn, calls for recognition of the theatrical potential of the playscript and for unusually creative reading. Once fully realized, the play then invites discussion in historical perspective and critical consideration of its form and ideas.
"Part Two: the Plays" is an anthology of eight longer dramas, preceded by introductory notes and followed by pairs of selections from dramatic criticism. The plays in Preface to Drama, counting the short ones in Part One, make up a baker's dozen, representative of our Western Civilization. Here are exemplified the short play, the medium, and the long--comedy, tragedy, and other types--classical, romantic, and realistic--ancient, more modern, and contemporary--European, British, and American. A handful of the great historic dramatists are here: Sophocles, Shakespeare, and Molière. So, too, are the several fathers of modern drama: Ibsen, Shaw, and O'Neill. And here, as well, are significant recent dramatists: Tennessee Williams and Arthur Miller. Modern literary playwrights, Laurence Housman and Thornton Wilder, rub elbows with theatrical actor-dramatists, Noel Coward and Howard Lindsay. Even the librettist, W.S. Gilbert, has his niche. But the plays selected for inclusion are not merely representative; they have proved to be evocative of student interest and of class discussion, whether for their eduring values or for their immediate relevancy.
I PAGE PRELIMINARY--ORIENTATION TO DRAMA 3
I. Dramatic, theatric, and semantic elements in life 3
2. Drama in three dimensions 7
3. The ambiguity of "drama" 9
4. Literature, theater art, and drama 10
5. "A stageplay" and "a drama" defined
II. THE PLAYSCRIPT --CREATION BY THE PLAYWRIGHT 25
I. The playwright and the script 25
2. Story elements in a drama 26
3. Characters and dramatic characterization 29
4. Action, plot, and dramatic construction 32
5. Dialogue and dramatic composition
2005 (IS) list:
1. Three Sisters - Anton Chekhov 2. Waiting for Godot - Samuel Beckett 3. Betrayal - Harold Pinter 4. Buried Child - Sam Shepard 5. Angels in America - Tony Kushner 6. How I Learned to Drive - Paula Vogel 7. The Goat - Edward Albee 8. Glengary Glen Ross - David Mamet 9. * pick one of Fugard, Wilson, or Huang 10. The House of Bernarda Alba - Lorca 11. Long Day's Journey Into Night - O'Neill
2005-2006 Theatre UAF Season: Four Farces + One Funeral & Godot'06
Film-North copyright. eCitations
© 2007 by vtheatre.net. Permission to link to this site is granted. books.google.com + scholar.google.com DRAMA Analysis amazon
* Use http://vtheatre.net to link to Virtual Theatre pages!
keys: endnotes : profile.to/anatoly & Anatoly Antohin