TIME -- other pages [list]


2008 -- See time in Biomechanics and Chronotope in The Book of Spectator + Time Page in THR Themes

(c)2004 * 2006

SHOWS: 12th Night


Time in Drama and Time on Stage *

Chronotope (=)
A term taken over by Mikhail Bakhtin from 1920s science to describe the manner in which literature represents time and space. In different kinds of writing there are differing chronotopes, by which changing historical conceptions of time and space are realised. Thus the ancient Greek novel is dominated by “adventure time”, in which the adventures of hero and heroine occur but which has no developmental impact upon their characters; like the space in which their adventures happen, it is effectively empty. By contrast, the time and space of the chivalric romance, though it retains elements of this adventure time, is dominated by the irruptions of the miraculous, which manifest themselves in narrative terms by the presence of “suddenly”. Chronotopes can become condensed in fundamental organising metaphors like the chronotope of the road, by which basic conceptions of time and space get translated into narrative terms. Chronotopic analysis thus seeks to address literary history at a very fundamental level; it mediates between historically created and thus changing conceptions of time and space, and their realisation in the underlying narratives of literary texts.

Subjective & "Objective" *


The Bakhtinian Chronotope (Time/Space Relativity) & Bakhtin and the Dialogic Imagination Theo-Drama Theological Dramatic Theory: The Action (Balthasar, Hans Urs Von//Theo-Drama) 0898704715 and Theology of Theatre (TT) + Walter Benjamin's "Time/Image-Space"


Time in Oedipus + Hamlet + 3 Sisters + Godot


* Bakhtin borrowed the term "chronotope" from the work of Soviet physiologist A. A. Ukhtomsky *

5 reasons to see chronotope comparisons

1. time and space are intrinsically interconnected

2. a variety of senses of time and space

3. different aspects or orders of the universe cannot be supposed to operate with the same chronotope

4. chronotopes change over time in response to current needs; they are historical and they compete with each other; they may be dialogic

5. chronotpes are not so much visibly present in activity as they are the ground for activity The Chronotope


TIME in Film


A dimension distinguishing past, present, and future. In relativity, time is portrayed as a geometrical dimension, analogous to the dimensions of space.

Playscript Analysis

Mikhail Bakhtin: Creation of a Prosaics 0804718229 Stanford University Press
In Dramlit we talk about historical time, but theatre works with the subjective (dramatic time), when we fully identified ourselves with the heroes on stage. This is special transition from objective time (chronological) to unique (for each performance) "emotional" time and space. Great playwrights organized their script, according to their sensitivity and always present very definite construction of the dramatic time dimession (see in main directory Chekhov pages, for example).

Not only the chronotope by Chekhov is different from the one in Williams; The Cherry Orchard time-space organization is different from The Three Sisters. More, Masha's time is different from Olga's and so on. -- this is how we realise the differences (expressed in language, rhythm, pauses and etc.)...

Time-Arrow and Time-Cycle

"Subjective Time": While in the popular mind, eternity often simply means existing for an infinite, i.e., limitless, amount of time, many have used it to refer to a timeless existence altogether outside of time. There are a number of arguments for eternity, by which proponents of the concept, principally, Aristotle, purported to prove that matter, motion, and time must have existed eternally.


Augustine of Hippo wrote that time exists only within the created universe, so that God exists outside of time; for God there is no past or future, but only an eternal present. That position is accepted by many believers. And one need not believe in God in order to hold this concept of eternity: an atheist mathematician can maintain the philosophical tenet that numbers and the relationships among them exist outside of time, and so are in that sense eternal. Eternity is often symbolized by the image of a snake swallowing its own tail, known as Ouroboros (or Uroboros), though the symbol can also carry a number of other connotations.
The circle is also commonly used as a symbol for eternity. The related concept, infinity, is symbolized by [ ].

* The modern theory of relativity provides a physical description of the universe in which the past and future may exist alongside the present. Some scientific theories of consciousness such as space-time theories of consciousness propose that the space-time continuum permits consciousness. [ wikipedia ]


Bakhtin, Mikhail (1895-1975) Literary Historian, Formalism, Literary Critic, Marxist Critic, Philosopher of Language.
Next: space

Chronotope... Traveling in Space and Time.


Context * Plot Overview * Characters * Character Analysis * Themes * Scenes * Quotations * Key Facts * Study Questions * Quiz * Further Reading * Notes *